A lower body injury is an injury on the body from the hip area anywhere down to the toe. Due to the various areas and various ways these injuries can occur the impact it can have on your lifestyle and time off work.
The pelvis connects the spine to the legs, it is made up of the hip bones (ilium, ischium and pubis), the sacrum and the coccyx.
Whilst pelvic injuries are common in older age groups they can happen at any age and are more commonly caused by
- Misdiagnosis/medical negligence
- Road traffic accidents
- Slip, trip or fall
- Accident at work/Industrial disease (e.g repetitive strain injury (RSI))
- Sporting accident
As stated there are various areas that can be injured in the pelvis/hip, some of which can leave the sufferer with long-lasting immobility, pain and time off work, some of these injuries include:
- Dislocated hip
- Fractured/broken hip
- Hip strain/sprain
- Hip bursitis
- Fractured pelvis
There are five muscles that run up your inner thigh to your pelvis, if an injury occurs to one of the muscles, tear or rupture then it will be classed as a groin injury. There are various symptoms of groin injuries some of which are:
- Difficulty walking/running
- Pain in the inner thigh area, hip or knee
- Bruising and/or swelling
- Feeling a “snapping” sensation during the injury
Groin injuries are assessed in three grades depending on the severity:
- Grade one, minor discomfort with minimal mobility issues and effect on day-to-day activities
- Grade two, moderate discomfort/pain which causes difficulty during activities and daily tasks
- Grade three, commonly known to cause swelling or bruising, this pain can be severe even when just walking and in a high number of grade three groin injuries surgery is required.
It is also not uncommon for groin injuries to later result in an inguinal or femoral hernia.
(See spinal injury above in upper body section)
(see back injury on upper body section)
An injury to one or both legs can cause mobility issues and pain, some leg injuries can lead to time off work and the more severe in nature can require amputation causing drastic changes in the sufferer’s lifestyle.
The leg has an upper and lower section, made up of three bones, muscles and tendons separated by the knee. The lower leg contains two bones,the fibula and tibia (shin) bone, as well as the calf muscle and Achilles tendon. The upper leg consists of the femoral/femur bone and muscles that form the hamstrings and quadriceps.
The most common leg injuries are:
- Strains/sprains to ligaments and/or muscles
- Leg fracture, where the broken bone has no surrounding damage
- Stress fracture, where a bone has been cracked due to repetitive movements
- Displaced fracture, where the break/breaks has misaligned the bone
- Compound fracture, where the break in the bone creates an open wound in the skin
- Leg amputation either partial or full
Ankle, Foot and Toes injuries
Commonly these types of injuries are as a result of sporting activities such as dance, football and gymnastics, they can also arise as a result of a slip, trip or fall, accident at work or a road traffic accident.
Although this area is quite small an injury to is can drastically change the sufferers life as their ability to walk and even maintain their balance can be hugely affected. The most commonly found injuries include:
- Bursitis of the toes (fluid sacks that cushion the bones become inflamed)
- Amputation of the foot or a toe/s
The knee is a complex joint which is formed by four parts, ligaments, tendons, bones and cartilage.
The knee can be damaged in various ways, sports, road traffic accident, accident at work, industrial disease (e.g repetitive strain injury (RSI)), and slips trips or falls. Due to this there are also various ways the knee can be damaged/injured, some of the commonly found injuries are:
- Broken knee cap (fractured patella)
- Torn cartilage
- Torn ligaments
- Tendonitis/patellar tendonitis, an inflammation of the knee
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) sprains and/or tears
- Dislocated/twisted knee
- Damaged knee cap
- Bursitis for example from a repetitive strain injury (RSI)