Upper body injuries are classed as the torso, upper limbs and head area, there are many different ways an injury can be cause and therefore different effects to the different areas of the upper body.
There are various types of back injuries, some of which are:
- Back sprains/strains
- Lumbar spine (lower back)
- Severe bruising
- Ligament and/or tendon damage
- Nerve damage
- Spinal disc hernias
- Cervical Radiculopathy
- Prolapsed disc
- Fractured vertebrae
This type of injury can be extremely serious and lead to a complete loss of sensation, movement and feeling from the point of injury down, this is known as complete spinal cord injury. Spinal injuries can also be categorised as an incomplete spinal cord injury, this is when the sufferer still has some form of sensation, movement and/or feeling.
The neck can be injured in many different ways including:
- Soft tissue damage
- Cervical radiculopathy (nerve damage)
- Muscle and/or ligament damage (often referred to as whiplash)
- Slipped/damage discs
- Cervical sprain/strain
- Broken/dislocated neck
Hearing loss and industrial deafness
This is the type of damage which is cause by being subjected to industrial noise and unfortunately, in most cases, can be irreversible.
These types of injury can greatly vary in severity and can be anything from a minor cut long-lasting brain injuries. Most head injuries are caused by an impact of blows or trauma to the head and include:
- Balance and general awareness difficulties
- Psychological/personality changes
- Disability which can either be long-lasting or permanent
- Problems with vision
Full and partial sight loss|
The chest area consists of, the spine, rib cage, heart, lungs, sternum (breast bone), clavicle (shoulder bones) and pectorals (chest muscles).
Most commonly chest injury/damage is caused by industrial disease, however it can also result from chest trauma, penetration and/or impact.
There are many different ways your chest may get injured and therefore different levels of severity, some of the more minor (a recovery can be expected) injuries are:
- Soft tissue damage
- Severe bruising
- Toxic fume/smoke inhalation
- Fractured rib/s
- Collapsed lung
Then there are the more severe injuries, some of these may have long-lasting effects sometimes causing a level of disability and/or pain which can impact of lifestyles and work, these include:
- Industrial Diseases
- Loss of a lung
- Lung cancer
- Heart damage
- Trauma injury
The three main bones in your arm are surrounded by tendons, ligaments and muscles and an injury to any one of these can result in pain, stiffness, restricted movement, inflammation and in some cases permanent disability.
Whilst an arm injury can be a result of various accidents the most common are know to be as a result of a slip, trip or fall, sporting injury or a road traffic accident, varying in severity:
- Soft tissue injury
- Tennis elbow
- Torn biceps or triceps
- Fractures or breaks of a bone.
An arm injury can also be as a result of repetitive strain injury (RSI).
A hand injury can have an impact on your life even when it is of a minor nature as our hands are constantly in use, day-to-day activities can become greatly effected and even performing tasks such as getting dressed can be impacted. Due to the constant use of our hands it means hand pain and injury is unfortunately quite common, leaving it to be a vulnerable part of the body. This consistent use of our hands can also lead to an overuse, overuse or injury to the hand can result in conditions including:
- Sprained hand
- Ligament damage
- Tendon injury
- Tendonitis of the hand
- Muscle damage
- Broken fingers or thumb
- Repetitive strain injury (RSI)
- Vibration white finger or hand arm vibration syndrome